Configuring a Digital Ocean MediaWiki Droplet

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This article describes a few steps that I needed to take following the deployment of a Digital Ocean MediaWiki Droplet. The article is based on the version 1.27 of MediaWiki on Ubuntu 14.04.

Admin User=

The initial user is not always made an admin so use the following command.

   mysql -uroot -pePMxN2IX6K

This gives the mySql prompt.

   use wiki;
   select user_id,user_name from user;

Once the user id is known add the user to the sysop group.

   INSERT INTO user_groups ( ug_user, ug_group ) VALUES ( 2, "sysop" );

Setting up a Virtual Host

This is recommended as it allows for simple installation of SSL etc using Certbot (LetsEncrypt).

Create a .conf file (e.g. gaframework.conf) in the directory /etc/apache2/sites-available.

   <VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/lib/mediawiki
     <Directory /var/lib/mediawiki>
       Options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
       AllowOverride All
       Require all granted
     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/gaframework-error.log
     # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
     # alert, emerg.
     LogLevel warn
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/gaframework-access.log combined
     RewriteEngine on
     RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} [OR]
     RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME}
     RewriteRule ^ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [END,QSA,R=permanent]

The site can be enabled with the command

   a2ensite gaframework
   service apache2 reload

Google Analytics

See Adding Google Analytics to MediaWiki.



Install certbot as follows.

   # sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot
   # sudo apt update
   # sudo apt install python-certbot-apache

Launch the client with apache module and follow the instructions

   # sudo certbot --apache

Ensure that the firewall (UFW) is set to allow port 443

   ufw allow https


   service apache2 stop
   certbot renew
   service apache2 start